A highly energetic positively charged particle emitted by the radioactive nuclei.
The total number of protons present in a nucleus.
The minimum energy required to break the nucleus into its constituent nucleons.
The binding energy of a nucleus is divided by its mass number.
An isotope of hydrogen with mass number 2.
Differential Scattering Cross Section
The cross-section of the scattering per unit solid angle.
The energy gained when a single electron is accelerated by a potential difference of 1 volt.
A unit of measurement of length frequently used in nuclear physics, equal to 10-15 meters, is also known as Fermi.
The distribution indicates the nuclear charge density in the nucleus.
In scattering, the ratio by which the scattering cross section is reduced when the charge is spread out over a finite volume.
The lowest energy state in which the nucleus is present.
Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle
It is a fundamental limit restricting the accuracy of the measurement of canonically conjugate variables simultaneously.
The lightest element present in the Universe consists of only one proton in the nucleus.
The perpendicular distance from the nucleus to the asymptotic line of the trajectory of the positively charged particles as it is scattered towards the nucleus.
The minimum energy required to remove an electron from the outermost orbit of an atom.
Nuclei with the same mass number.
Nuclei with the same neutron number but different atomic numbers.
Nuclei with the same atomic number but different mass numbers.
The particular values of neutron number or the atomic number for which the nuclei are found to be extremely stable.
The difference in the measured mass of a nucleus and the atomic mass of a nucleus or the difference between the mass of the product and parent nuclei in a nuclear reaction.
The total number of protons and neutrons present in the nucleus.
The waves of the matter according to de Broglie’s hypothesis.
The radius of the nucleus at which the density of the nucleus reduces to half its value at the center.
The pairs of isobaric nuclei are known as mirror nuclei.
An electrically neutral particle about the size of a proton is present in the nucleus.
The total number of neutrons present in the nucleus.
Neutron Scattering Experiments
Experiments in which monoenergetic beams of fast neutrons get scattered by the nuclei.
The total of all the charges of the nucleons present in a nucleus.
The radius of the nucleus.
Nuclear Radius Parameter
A constant of proportionality in the equation relating nuclear radius and mass number.
Protons and neutrons present in the nucleus are together known as nucleons.
A region is present in the center of all atoms, consisting of protons and neutrons.
The mass defect of an atom is divided by its mass number.
The spontaneous emission of electrons from the surface of a material when the radiation of suitable frequency is incident on it.
A positively charged particle is present in the nucleus.
Particles of light, formally known as Photons.
The difference in the mass energies of the product and parent nucleus in a nuclear reaction.
Radioactivity is the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus disintegrates and emits energy by radiation.
Unstable isotopes are artificially produced in nuclear reactions.
The proportion of an isotope of an element in the mixture of different isotopes of a particular element.
The energy possessed by a body due to its mass is equal to mass multiplied by the square of the speed of light.
Rutherford Atomic Model
In the first model of the atom in which the atom was structured as a positively charged nucleus in the center surrounded by revolving electrons.
Schrodinger Wave Function
Mathematical description of a wave packet.
Skin Thickness Parameter
The distance over which the nuclear density reduces from 90% of its central value to 10% of its central value.
An isotope of hydrogen with mass number 3.
Unified Atomic Mass Unit
A unit of mass used in nuclear physics is equal to 1/12th the mass of a Carbon-12 atom.
Heaviest naturally occurring element with atomic number 92.
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